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15 Best Blockchain Programming Languages For App Development


Gurpreet Singh

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January 11, 2024

15 Best Blockchain Programming Languages For App Development


Gurpreet Singh

linkedin profile


January 11, 2024

Table of Contents

You’re probably aware of what blockchain technology is and how it could revolutionize the technology industry. With the use of this technology, numerous industries have been able to take advantage of improved opportunities by mitigating traditional challenges over time. It has also been demonstrated that blockchain can completely transform the legal, healthcare, travel, and education sectors of the economy. 

The demand for blockchain increased by around 2000% between 2017 and 2020, making it one of the most sought-after technologies in the market. It is anticipated that the blockchain market will have a net worth of approximately $20 billion by 2024. Many firms are trying to hire blockchain developers such as Debut Infotech as the technology becomes more and more prevalent in previously unheard-of industries. Technology developers should be conversant with the best blockchain programming languages to stay competitive.

Thus, in addition to explaining how to build a blockchain, let us also cover the best programming languages for blockchain development that will be available in 2024.

The Best Programming Languages

Before we dig in, you might wonder, what is a blockchain programming language? Programming languages for blockchain development are those that are used to develop and communicate with blockchain-based systems and applications. They make it possible for programmers to create smart contracts, decentralized applications (dApps), and other blockchain-based solutions. Now, let’s talk about the best programming languages for blockchain. 

  1. Solidity

The first blockchain programming language to learn is called Solidity, and it was influenced by JavaScript, Powershell, and C++. It is essential if you’re hoping to get into the ICO development game or want to create dApps.

Vitalik Buterin, the creator of Ethereum, is the man behind the development of the Solidity blockchain programming language. It offers blockchain development companies a wide range of advantages, including:

  • An interface that is developer-friendly
  • JavaScript debuggers, infrastructure, and tools 
  • A programming language with statically typed characters,
  • Inheritance attributes are possible for smart contracts.
  • Precision and accuracy.
  1. Java

One of the best blockchain programming languages for blockchain development is Java, which is also the official language of Android mobile app development and a favoured choice for backend development. The following characteristics of the language, which is derived from C-syntax, make it famous for developing complex dApps and smart contracts:

  • The object-oriented programming (OOP) approach is robustly supported
  • Memory cleanup is simple.
  • Ample libraries are available.

The finest Blockchain applications created with Java include Hyperledger Fabric, NEM, IOTA, and NEO.

  1. Python

In addition to dominating the fields of network server development, IoT app development, and app development, Python blockchain programming is also showing its value in the Blockchain-as-a-service market.

The remarkable properties of this 1991-created language have made it popular for use in the construction of dApps and smart contracts. Among those characteristics of Python blockchain coding are the following:

  • Python blockchain programming is simple to learn.
  • Obtaining dynamic architecture
  • Ideal for scripting and base techniques alike
  • Open-source assistance
  • Python blockchain scripting is practical for prototyping.

Industry leaders in the field of Blockchain projects using Python include Hyperledger Fabric, NEO, and Steem. According to research, it is the most used programming language for blockchain. 

  1. Javascript

JavaScript is one of the best programming languages for Blockchain applications that is suitable for a variety of gaming and app development requirements. The language provides countless advantages to developers in the form of frameworks like the Node.js framework, including:

  • Javascript blockchain programming facilitates quicker and simpler market access.
  • Scalability is improved by using JavaScript in blockchain programming.
  • Many Blockchain JavaScript frameworks are available
  • No trouble integrating the appropriate resources and more
  1. PHP

Another programming language for blockchain development that top mobile app development companies often recommend for generating Blockchain solutions is PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor), released in 1995. Several levels of complexity in blockchain solutions are frequently developed using PHP. Something that results from its extensive open-source ecosystem and object-oriented functionalities.

Although PHP is rarely used for developing core blockchain applications, it works incredibly well for creating backend systems. It is also helpful in creating APIs and web interfaces that communicate with blockchain networks, which a blockchain service enterprise like Debut Infotech can create.

  1. C++

The top programming language for blockchain is C++, which was first released in 1985 by Bjarne Stroustrup. The language, which is used for creating cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ripple, Stellar, and EOS, adheres to the OOPs paradigm. Among the most notable attributes and capabilities of C++ are: 

  • Effective memory management and CPU control
  • Running parallel or non-parallel threads is simple.
  • Possibility of shifting semantics for efficient data copying
  • Polymorphism at compile time for improved efficiency
  • Code isolation for various data structures, among other things
  1. C#

The OOP language was developed by Microsoft to replace Blockchain coding in Java. It has a tonne of features for cross-platform, cloud, and business app development. The language is quite popular for Blockchain development since it has all the characteristics of the C, SQL, and .NET frameworks. It is also widely accepted for the following uses:

  • The source is available.
  • Because its syntax is the same as that of C++ and Blockchain code Java, it is simple to learn and comprehend.
  • It gives blockchain app developers the ability to create cross-platform portable code.
  • Utilizing it is affordable, thanks to the BizSpark initiative.

The main uses of the programming language in a Blockchain setting are for developing dApps, Smart Contracts, and infrastructure.

  1. Go

The wildly popular Go programming language is also included in the list of the best Blockchain programming languages. In addition to being simple to understand, the language has all of the advantages of Python and JavaScript, including speed, scalability, flexibility, and user-friendliness. Delivering customized Blockchain solutions is the best choice because of this.

Hyperledger Fabric and Go-Ethereum are two of the top Go-based Blockchain technologies currently available on the market.

  1. Simplicity

This is one of the best languages for blockchain programming. It was developed by Russell O’Connor and released in November 2017.

Based on Ivy, the Simplicity programming language has a syntax akin to Haskell, making coding more straightforward and more efficient. Its highly mathematical structure also makes the code line legible by humans. As a result, it is widely utilized in the creation of blockchain solutions and smart contracts that support the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) as well as Bitcoin.

  1. Ruby 

The best blockchain development programming language to start your career with is Ruby. Through open-source third-party APIs and plugins, this high-level, general-purpose programming language—created by Yukihiro “Matz” in the mid-1990s—enables blockchain developers to prototype their ideas efficiently and effectively. 

Additionally, the language allows programmers to combine its capabilities with those of other languages to create a more robust platform. Asian developers give it serious consideration while developing platforms and apps that utilize blockchain technology.

  1. Rust

Despite being a recent addition to the blockchain environment, the Rust Blockchain programming language is getting a lot of attention for its ability to provide creative, unchangeable, and safe solutions. 

Open-source blockchain developers can quickly and efficiently construct frameworks with this language. Additionally, it provides users with excellent concurrency-based opportunities, better memory options, a competent framework for managing mutable states, and outstanding code optimization.

  1. SQL

One of the best programming languages for blockchain technology in 2024 is SQL (Structured Query Language). IBM created the language to facilitate more effective and convenient communication with databases such as MySQL, SQL Server, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. 

It is applied to the development of enterprise solutions that are safe and efficient in the Blockchain space. One glaring example of this is Aergo.

  1. Erlang

Another programming language used in Blockchain to think about for a better future is Erlang. Despite being less well-known than well-known terms like blockchain programming Python, JavaScript, and Java, the language offers Blockchain development organizations the following options: 

  • Unmatched backend infrastructure
  • increased scalability
  • Unchangeability
  • innate resistance to errors

Its suitability for constructing peer-to-peer networks within a Blockchain setting is due to something.

  1. Rholang

Another outstanding addition to the list of programming languages for blockchain is Rholang. The language uses a functional approach rather than an object-oriented one, in contrast to C++ or Python. Additionally, it evaluates the entire application as a set of functions that must be solved one after the other.

This is why developers love it when they want to create a complex project like Smart Contracts.

  1. CX

The major Blockchain programming languages now include CX. The language is equipped with features such as an easy-to-use error control mechanism and the ability to employ arrays, propelled cuts, and pointers. It has the potential to function as a contractual digital intermediate. 

Additionally, it assembles over Go and provides a way out for users to avoid running discretionary scripts, which has been a significant problem for modern enterprises. The language effectively interfaces with OpenGL (Open Graphics Library), which enables blockchain developers to take advantage of more excellent GPU capability.


What is the best programming language for blockchain? You can see that each language has good and bad parts based on what the project needs. Solidity is the best language to create smart contracts on Ethereum, but Rust’s safety with memory and Python’s flexibility make them both good choices.

But, being able to navigate this intricate environment and realize your blockchain idea calls for more than simply language skills. Debut Infotech, a leading blockchain development agency, can help in this situation. Our group of developers is good at many languages and tools. They know how to make special things just for what you need. By utilizing our state-of-the-art understanding of enterprise blockchain development services, we can provide safe and scalable results while integrating smoothly with current systems.

Debut gives you the ability to take a firm stand on the blockchain frontier, whether your goal is to construct ground-breaking DeFi platforms, transform your supply chain, or leverage the potential of decentralized apps (dApps). So forget about the language battles and concentrate on your idea; we’ll take care of the coding.


Q. What programming languages are commonly used for blockchain development?

Commonly used programming languages for blockchain development include Solidity (for Ethereum), JavaScript (for web3.js and DApps), Python (for smart contracts and blockchain applications), Go (for the Go-Ethereum client), and Rust (for building on the Polkadot platform). The choice of language often depends on the blockchain platform and project requirements.

Q. Why is Solidity a popular choice for smart contract development on Ethereum?

Solidity is a popular language for Ethereum smart contract development due to its compatibility with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM). It is specifically designed for writing smart contracts, making it easier to handle complex logic and interactions within the Ethereum ecosystem.

Q. Can I use traditional programming languages like Java or C++ for blockchain development?

Yes, you can use traditional programming languages like Java or C++ for blockchain development, but it may require additional effort to integrate them with blockchain platforms. Some blockchain platforms offer support for multiple languages, allowing developers to choose their preferred language.

Q. What is the role of JavaScript in blockchain development?

JavaScript is commonly used for blockchain development to interact with blockchain networks through web3.js libraries. It facilitates the creation of decentralized applications (DApps) and enables developers to build user interfaces that interact with the blockchain.

Q. Are there any specialized languages exclusively for blockchain development?

While there are specialized languages like Solidity and Vyper designed for blockchain smart contracts, there are no exclusive languages solely for blockchain development. Developers often use existing languages and libraries to create blockchain applications and smart contracts, adapting them to the specific needs of the blockchain platform they are working on.


June 28, 2023

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